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新生儿喂养方法

新生儿营养

新生儿母乳喂养方法

新生儿母乳喂养姿势

新生儿母乳喂养注意事项

新生儿奶粉喂养

新生儿奶粉喂养步骤

新生儿奶粉喂养注意事项

新生儿母乳喂养和奶粉混合喂养

新生儿混合喂养的注意事项

新生儿不吃奶怎么办

新生儿不吃母乳怎么办

新生儿不吃奶粉怎么办

新生儿喂养

词条摘要

新生儿喂养
新生婴儿喂养主要有母乳喂养人工喂养混合喂养等方式。新生儿母乳喂养的注意事项有哪些?新生儿母乳喂养的方法有哪些?新生儿奶粉喂养的步骤是什么?新生儿奶粉喂养的注意事项有哪些?新生儿混合喂养的注意事项有哪些?新生儿不吃母乳怎么办?新生儿不吃奶粉怎么办?

新生儿喂养方法

新生婴儿喂养主要有母乳喂养、人工喂养、混合喂养等方式。其中,母乳喂养指的是用母亲的奶水喂养,是新生儿喂养的最佳方法;人工喂养则是指当母亲因为各种原因而不能进行哺乳时,可采用牛、羊等动物乳制成的奶粉或其他代乳品进行人工喂养;混合喂养指的是当母亲奶水不足,不能够多次喂养时,配合其他代乳品如牛奶、羊奶等来进行喂养。

新生儿营养

XINSHENGERQIYESHIZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGFAYUDEGUANJIANQI,XUYAOJUNHENGFENGFUDEZHANGLIANBUBAOHEZHIFANGSUANTIGONGSHIYIYINGYANGHEXINXICIJI,CAIKERANGNAOBUHUODEZUIJIADEFAYU。CIWAI,YINGERYUEXIAO,SHENGZHANGSUDUYUEKUAI,SUOXUDANBAIZHIYEYUEDUO,DANXINSHENGERDEWEIRONGLIANGXIAO、XIAOHUAGONGNENGBUCHENGSHU,ZHEIYIWEIZHEYINGERSHERUDANBAIZHIDESHULIANGYAOCHONGZU,ZHILIANGYAOHAO,YIYIYUXIAOHUADERUQINGDANBAIWEIJIA。

MEITIANXINSHENGERSUOXUDEYINGYANGRUXIA:

1、DANBAIZHI:ZUYUEERMEIRIMEIQIANKETIZHONGYUEXU2~3KE。

2、ZHIFANG:MEITIANZONGXUYAOLIANGWEI9~17KE/100KARE。MURUZHONGWEIBAOHEZHIFANGSUANZHAN51%,QIZHONGDE75%KEBEIXISHOU,ERNIURUZHONGWEIBAOHEZHIFANGSUANJINZHAN34%。YAMAZHISUANHEHUASHENGSIXISUANSHIBIXUZHIFANGSUAN,YAMAZHISUANQUEFASHICHUXIANPIZHENHESHENGZHANGCHIHUAN,HUASHENGSIXISUANZEHECHENGQIANLIEXIANSU。

3、ANJISUAN:9ZHONGBIXUDEANJISUANSHI:LAIANSUAN、JINGANSUAN、LIANGANSUAN、YILIANGANSUAN、JIEANSUAN、JIALIUANSUAN、BENBINGANSUAN、SUANSUAN、SEANSUAN。XINSHENGERMEITIANBIXUZUGOUDISHERUZHEI9ZHONGANJISUAN

4、RENENG:ZUYUEERSHENGHOUDIYIZHOU,MEIRIMEIQIANKETIZHONGYUEXU250~335QIANJIAO;SHENGHOUDIERZHOU,MEIRIMEIQIANKETIZHONGYUEXU335~420QIANJIAO;SHENGHOUDISANZHOUJIYISHANG,MEIRIMEIQIANKETIZHONGYUEXUYAO420~500QIANJIAO。

5、TANG:ZUYUEERMEITIANXUTANG17~34KE/100KARE。MURUZHONGDETANGQUANWEIRUTANG,NIURUZHONGDETANG,RUTANGYUEZHANYIBAN。

6、KUANGWUZHI、HONGLIANGYUANSUJIWEILIANGYUANSU。

NA:SHIYANJIUSHILVHUANA,TIGONGRENTIBIXUDENA。MAMAWEINAIQIJIANBUYICHIDETAIXIAN,DANBINGBUSHIYIDIANYEBUXUYAONA。RUMUZAIYUEZIZHONGYIDIANBUCHIYANDEZUOFASHIBUDUIDE,XINSHENGERYEXUYAOYAN。

JIA:RUPINZHONGJIANENGGOUMANZUXINSHENGERDEXUYAO。LV:LVSUINA、JIAXISHOU。GAI、LIN:MURUZHONGDEGAI,YOU50%~70%ZAIXINSHENGERCHANGDAOZHONGBEIXISHOU;NIURUGAIDEXISHOULVJINWEI20%。YINCIMURUWEIYANGBUYIQUEGAI,NIURUWEIYANGRONGYIQUEGAI。LINDEXISHOUBIJIAOHAO,BUYIQUEFA。

MEI:MEIQUEFASHIYINGXIANGGAIPINGHENG。

TIE:MURUHENIURUZHONGTIEHANLIANGDOUBUGAO,NIURUZHONGDETIEBUYIXISHOU,YINCINIURUWEIYANGGENGRONGYIQUEFATIE。

XIN:XINSHENGERQIHENSHAOQUEXIN,YIBANBUXUYAOEWAIBUCHONG。FAXINBUNENGDAIBIAODANGSHIDEXUEXINQINGKUANG。YINCI,BUYAOYIFAXINHENGLIANGDANGSHIDEXUEXINQINGKUANG,FAXINDIBUNENGDAIBIAOXUEXINYEDI,YINGYIXUEXINWEIZHUN。

7、维生素:健康孕妇分娩的新生儿,很少缺乏维生素,因此不需要额外补充。如果准妈妈妊娠期维生素摄入严重不足,胎盘功能低下并早产,新生儿可能缺乏维生素D、C、E和叶酸

维生素K:维生素K缺乏,可引起新生儿自发出血症或晚发性V-K缺乏出血症。尤其是纯母乳喂养儿,发生的概率比较大。因此,常规上给出生后的新生儿肌注V-K1 1.0毫克,是起预防作用的。早产儿肠道菌种成长较晚,肝功能发育不成熟,容易出现V-K缺乏,应每日补充维生素K1毫克,连续补充3次。

维生素D:虽然新生儿出生时储存一定量的维生素D,但由于不能够在室外接受足够的阳光,又不能经食物摄入,婴儿期可出现维生素D缺乏性婴儿手足搐搦症和幼儿期佝偻病。应该从出生后半个月开始,补充维生素D,每日400国际单位。

维生素E:早产儿需要补充,每日30毫克。维生素A过量:在补充维生素D时,有的选用鱼肝油制剂,即维生素AD剂。如果比例不合适,可发生维生素A过量,甚至中毒。

新生儿母乳喂养方法

ZHENGQUEDEBURUFANGFA,YINGJIANGYISHOUDEMUZHIHEQIYUSIZHIFENBIEFANGZAIRUFANGDESHANG、XIAFANG,BINGBARUFANGTUOQICHENGZHIZHUIXING,ERQIEMUYINGBIXUJINMIXIANGTIE,TOUYUSHUANGJIANCHAOXIANGRUFANG。BURUSHIMAMASHENTIYIDINGYAOFANGSONG,SHENTILVEXIANGQIANQING,YONGSHOUZHANGGENBUTUOQIYINGERJINGBEIBU,SIZHIZHICHENGYINGERTOUBU。WEIMURUSHIWULUNBAITIANHEYEJIANDOUYAOBAHAIZIBAOQILAIWEI,CHIKONGYICEZHIPAIKONGLECAINENGGENGHAODICIJIRUXIANZAIFENMI。WEINAIQIANYAOJIANGRUTOUXIGANJING,XIANJICHUJIDI,RANHOUZAIRANGHAIZICHI。

YINGERHANJIEZISHIYONGRUTOUQINGCHUYINGERDEZUICHUN,DANGQIZUIZHANGDAHOU,JIANGRUTOUHERUYUNFANGRENYINGERDEKOUZHONG。YINGERDEZUICHUNYINGBAOZHURUTOUHERUYUNHUODABUFENRUYUN,XIABAJINTIERUFANG。RUYINGERBUZHANGZUI,XUYAOYONGRUTOUCIJICHUNBU,DANGZUIZHANGDASHIMUQINKUAISUJIANGRUTOUSONGJINZUILI。

BURUJIESHUSHIYONGSHIZHIQINGQINGXIANGXIAANYINGERXIAE,BIMIANZAIKOUQIANGFUYAQINGKUANGXIALACHURUTOUERDAOZHIRUTOUTENGTONGHUOPIFUPOSUN。

如乳汁米吸完者应将乳汁挤出,其方法是:将大拇指放于乳晕上,其余四指放于对侧,向胸壁方向挤压,有节奏地挤压;放松,并在乳晕周围反复转动手指位置,以便挤空每根乳腺管内的乳汁。

新生儿母乳喂养姿势

ZAIMURUWEIYANGBAOBAODESHIHOU,MAMAYINGJIANGMUZHIYUQIYUSIZHIFENBIEFANGYURUFANGSHANG、XIAFANG,CHENG“C”XINGTUOQIZHENGGERUFANG。MUQINSHUSHIDIZUOZHEHUOTANGZHE,ZUIHAOZAIQIYAOBUHESHOUBEIXIAFANGFANGZHIYIRUANZHEN,ZUOWEISHIZAIZUXIAFANGYIJIAODENG,YISHIMAMAFANGSONG;YINGERDESHENTITIEJINMAMA,MIANXIANGRUFANG;YINGERDETOUYUSHENTIZAIYITIAOZHIXIANSHANG;YINGERDEKOUDUIZHERUFANG。


CEWOWEISHIYONGYU:①POUGUANCHANSHUHOUDEMAMA,YIBIMIANQIEKOUSHOUDAOYAPO;②MAMABEIGANPIBEI,XIWANGZAIYINGERCHINAISHIXIUXIHUOSHUIJUE;③RUFANGJIAODA,LIYUYINGERHANJIE。


MURUWEIYANGBAOBAODEGEZHONGZISHI

1、YAOLANBAOFA:YONGMAMASHOUBEIDEZHOUGUANJIENEICEZHICHENGZHUBAOBAODETOU,SHITADEFUBUJINTIEZHUMAMADESHENTI,YONGLINGYIZHISHOUZHICHENGZHERUFANG。YINWEIRUFANGLUCHUDEBUFENHENSHAO,JIANGTATUOCHULAIBURUDEXIAOGUOHUIGENGHAO。

YOUDIAN:TONGCHANGZUIJIANBIANYIXUEDEZISHI;DUOSHUFUMUZUICHANGYONGDEZISHI。

2、JIAOCHAYAOLANBAOFA:HESHIYONGYAOLANZHICHENGFADEWEIZHIYIYANG,DANZHEIYICIYONGDUICEDESHOUBEI,ZHEIYANGJIUKEYIYONGSHOULAIZHICHENGBAOBAOTOUBU,YONGQIANBEIZHICHENGSHENTI。ZHEIYANGMAMAKEYIGENGDUODEKONGZHIBAOBAOTOUBUDEFANGXIANG。

YOUDIAN:SHIYONGSHOUZHICHENGJINGBEIBU,JIAOSHIYONGQIANBEIHUIDUIYINGERTOUBUXINGCHENGGENGHAODEKONGZHI;DANGYONGLAIWEIZAOCHANERHUODIAOLAORUTOUYOUKUNNANDEYINGERBURUSHIYOUQIYOUXIAO。

3、CEWOBAOFA:MAMAKEYIZAICHUANGSHANGCEWO,RANGBAOBAODELIANCHAOXIANGMAMA,JIANGBAOBAODETOUZHENZAIBEIWANSHANG,SHITADEZUIHERUTOUBAOCHISHUIPING。YONGZHENTOUZHICHENGZHUHOUBEI。RUGUOSHIZAIPOUGONGCHANSHUHOU,ZHEIYESHIYIGEHENHAODEZISHI。

优点:哺乳中便于休息;会阴切开或撕裂疼痛或痔疮疼痛的妇女采用此姿势最舒适。

新生儿母乳喂养注意事项

1、BUYAOYONGWEIBOLURENAI。JIBAOBAORENAI,ZUIHAOSHIYONGRESHUIJINPAOHUOZHEYONGZHUANMENDENUANNAIQILAIJIARE,JINLIANGBUYONGWEIBOLUJIARE。YINWEIWEIBOSHITONGGUOSHISHIWUFENZIJIHUAERCHANREDE,PINGZIBINGBUTANG,BUHAOBAWONAIWEN。ERQIEWEIBOLUJIAREBUJUNYUN,HENKENENGPINGKOUBUFENDEWENDUYUPINGZIZHONGYANGDEWENDUBUTONG。SHIDAONIANMOBIPIFUGENGROUNEN,45℃ZUOYOUJIUZUYIYINQITANGSHANG。SHIDAOTANGSHANGHUIYINQIBAHENSHOUSUO,SHISHIDAOBIANXIAZHAI,TUNYANKUNNAN,BAOBAOJIUHUIJUJUEHENAI。ERQIEYANBUSHIFAYINDEBUWEI,SHOUDAOSUNSHANGHAIHUIYINGXIANGDAOYUYANDEFAYU。


2、BUYAOTANGZHEWEINAI。ZHAOGUXIAOBAOBAOSHIYIJIANHENLEIRENDESHIQING,JIASHANGXINMAMADETILIHAIMEIYOUWANQUANHUIFU,HENRONGYIPILAO。RUGUOTANGZHEWEINAI,BUXIAOXINSHUIZHELE,RUFANGYOUKENENGYAPOBAOBAODEKOUBI,YINQIZHIXI。

3、喝完奶要拍嗝。宝宝喝完奶,先别忙着让他躺下。拍嗝能让他排出胃里的空气,以防吐奶。如果宝宝经常吐奶,要让他侧卧,以免吐出的奶堵住口鼻引起窒息,或经鼻腔进入呼吸道引起吸入性肺炎。

4、很多妈妈在月子里因为生产都非常疲劳,再加上白天不断地给宝宝喂奶、换尿布,到了夜里妈妈就非常困。

一遇到晚上宝宝哭闹,妈妈就更累了,往往妈妈直接躺着喂宝宝奶,宝宝吃到奶也就不哭了,母亲可能就不知不觉睡着了,这是十分危险的。因为宝宝吃奶时与妈妈得很近,熟睡的妈妈很容易堵住宝宝的鼻孔而引起宝宝窒息。为了避免不必要的悲剧发生,妈妈夜间喂奶时最好能坐起。

新生儿奶粉喂养

   新生儿奶粉喂养量怎么安排

YIBANKAISHIDESHIHOUSHI20-30ml,DANJUTIDEQINGKUANGDOUSHIKANXINSHENGERDESHILIANG,NAILIANGKEYIMANMANZENGDUO。QISHIBAOBAOZHIYAOCHIBAOLEJIUBUXILE,SUOYIMAMABUYAOMIANQIANGTA。YIBANDENAIFENHESHANGDOUYOUBIAOZHUWEISHILIANG,ANZHAOSHANGMIANXIEDESHIYONGSHIZUIHAODE,YONGLIMIANDAIDELIANGSHAOBUNENGSUIBIANHUANGONGJU。

YINGERCHUSHENGDEQIANJITIAN,NAILIANGKEANYINGERMEIGONGJINTIZHONGJISUAN,MEIRIJIPEIFANGNAI100-200HAOSHENG,MEIGE3-3.5XIAOSHIWEIYICI,YITIANYAOWEI7-8CI。

YINGERMANYUEHOUDAOLIANGGEYUE,NAILIANGANTIZHONGZHUJIANZENGJIA,MEIRIWEI6-7CI,MEICIJIANGE3.5-4XIAOSHI,MEIDUNYUECHI80-120HAOSHENGZUOYOU,ZUIDUOKECHIDAO150HAOSHENG。

DANGWANQUANYONGNAIFENWEIYANGYINGERSHI,YINGDANGJISUANNAIFENDEYONGLIANG。ZAICIJIESHAOYIZHONGJIANDANDEJISUANFANGFA:ANYINGERTIZHONGLAIJISUAN,1QIANKETIZHONGMEIYUEGONGJIQUANZHINAIFEN500KE,RUGUOYIGEYINGERTIZHONG6QIANKE,MEIYUEYINGDANGGONGJINAIFEN3000KE,YUEXIANGDANGYUSHISHOUNAIFEN6DAI。MEICIYONGLIANGDUOSHAOHESHI,ZUIHAORENZHENYUEDUNAIFENDECHANPINSHUOMINGSHU。

RUYINGERTIZHONGWEI3GONGJIN,ZEXUNAI3×150HAOSHENG=450HAOSHENGNAI,PEICHUDEZONGLIANGZAIYIDUNSHUCHU,KEDECHUMEIDUNYONGNAILIANG。ZONGLIANGWEI450-480HAOSHENG,FENCHENG7-8CIFUYONG,MEIDUNWEI60-70HAOSHENG。ZAIWU、LIUGEYUEJUNANCIBILIZENGJIA。

婴儿15天到满月,如消化正常,可吃纯奶,近每公斤体重100-150毫升,每顿约吃60-100毫升。

新生儿奶粉喂养步骤

1、BAOZHANGANJINGWENXINDEBUWEIHUANJING

WULUNSHIJIBAOBAOWEIMURUHAISHIWEINAIFEN,DOUXUYAOYIGEANJINGWENXINDEHUANJING,KEYIYONGCDJIBOFANGYIXIEQINGROUDEYINLE,LIRUTAIERQIBOFANGGUODEYINLE。

2、ZHANGWOZHENGQUESHUSHIDEBUWEIFANGSHI

(1)NAIPINGDENGDIAONAIYONGJUDEQINGJIEXIAODUSHUHUBUDE,FANGRUFEISHUIZHONGZHU5FENZHONGHUOZHEYONGZHENGQI、WEIBOXIAODU。

(2)YEJIANWEIMURUXIANGDUIBIJIAOFANGBIAN,RUGUOXUYAOWEINAIFEN,ZUIHAOSHIXIANJILIANGHAODANCIDENAIFEN,CHUCUNZAINAIFENHELI,ZHUNBEILIANG、REKAISHUIZAIBIANSHANG,YEKEYIYONGHENGWENJIAREQI。

(3)PAONAIQIANYIDINGYAOJIANGSHUANGSHOUXIGANJING。

(4)ANSHUOMINGCHONGDIAONAIFEN,NONGDUSHIDANG。YINWEIBAOBAOWEICHANG、GAN、SHENFAYUSHANGBUWANSHAN,NAIFENCHONGDEGUONONGSHIBIHUIJIAZHONGZHEIXIEZANGQIDEFUDAN,YINQIZHEIXIEQIGUANDEGONGNENGZHANGAI,ZAOCHENGFUZHANG、FUXIE、BIANMI......SHENZHIYANSHIHUOFEIPANG。

(5)40℃ZUOYOUWENSHUIDIAOPEI。SHUIWENGUOGAO,HUISHINAIFENJIEKUAI,WUFACHONGFENRONGJIE,YEHUISHINAIFENZHONGDERUQINGDANBAICHANSHENGNINGKUAI,YINGXIANGXIAOHUAXISHOU,CIWAI,DUIREBUWENDINGDEWEISHENGSU、MIANYIHUOXINGWUZHI(RUHANSHUANGQIGANJUN)DENGRONGYIZAODAOPOHUAI,YINGYANGJIAZHIDADAZHEKOU”。HUOZHEJIANG1/3DELIANGKAISHUIHE2/3DEREKAISHUIHUNHE,RANHOUFANGRUSHILIANGNAIFEN。

(6)SHUANGSHOUGUNCUOPINGSHEN,SHINAIFENWANQUANRONGJIE,ERFEISHANGXIAZHENDONG,YIMIANCHANSHENGDALIANGQIPAO。

(7)WULUNDUINAGENIANLINGJIEDUANDEBAOBAOLAISHUO,RANGTABEIGANANQUANDESHI,JIUSHIBEIMAMAJINJINDILOUBAOZHE,YIWEIZAITAWENNUANDEHUAIBAOLICHINAI,JISHIMEIYOUHESHANGMURU,NENGWENDAOMAMASHENSHANGQINQIEDEWEIDAO,YENENGRANGBAOBAOBEIGANANXIN。

(8)RANGNAISHUICHONGMANZHENGGENAIZUIHEPINGJINGHOUZAIFANGRUBAOBAOKOUZHONG,BIMIANXIRUGUODUODEKONGQI。

(9)NAIZUIKONGDEDAXIAOHUIYINGXIANGDAONAISHUIDELIULIANG,YAOLIUYINAIZUIKONGDEDAXIAOSHIFOUHESHI。KONGTAIXIAO,BAOBAOXINAIJIUFEICHANGFEIJING;KONGTAIDA,NAISHUILIULIANGGUOKUAI,RONGYIQIANGDAOBAOBAO。

(10)DADUOSHUBAOBAOYICHIBAOWEIZHI,DANYOUYIXIEZAICHIDAOYIBANSHIJIUBUKENZAICHI,ZHEISHIXUYAOJIANGBAOBAOXIEBAOQI,QINGPAIBEIBU,RANGWEIZHONGDEKONGQIPAICHUHOUZAIWEI;RURENGBUKENCHI,ZEYAOCHAZHAOYUANYIN,KANTASHIZHENZHENGDICHIBAOLE,HAISHIYOUYUSHENTIBUSHUFUERBUXIANGCHI。

(11)BUYAOQIANGPOBAOBAOMEICANBIXUHEWANYIDINGLIANGDENAI,DABUFENQINGKUANGXIA,BAOBAOZIJIZHIDAOKEYICHIXIADUOSHAO,MIANQIANGCHIXIADEHOUGUOZHIHUIJIAZHONGTUNAI,JIUZHIKENENGDAOZHIYANNAI。

(12)WEIWANNAIHOU,YONGMIANROUDEMAOJINJIANGBAOBAODEZUIBACASHIGANJING,YONGZHILISHIBAOFAJIANGBAOBAODEXIABAKAOZAIMAMADEJIANBANGSHANG,KONGXINZHANGZIXIAWANGSHANGDIQINGPAIBAOBAODEBEIBU,BANGZHUDAGEPAICHUBUXIAOXINCHIXIAQUDEKONGQI。

(13)每次吃剩的奶一定要倒掉,不能留到下一餐吃,因为奶水是良好的细菌培养基,剩奶留到下一餐时,很可能已被细菌污染,宝宝吃后可能会发生呕吐、腹泻等症状。

新生儿奶粉喂养注意事项

给宝宝选一款合适的奶粉很重要,而添加β-植物油(超优质亲和结构脂)的均衡配方奶粉,促进钙和能量吸收。优质的奶粉在其冲调阶段就呈现出差异性,妈妈可以通过以下方法进行区别:一看,粉体细腻、松散,无结块;二冲,40°温水冲调均匀溶解;三倒转,双手滚搓瓶身,倒挂瓶底无沉淀,无挂壁。营养无损耗,全面优吸收。同时,适当的益生菌摄入,能增加肠道屏障功能,抵御外来有害菌定殖肠道,抑制有害菌生长,调节宝宝肠胃,增强宝宝抵抗力,让宝宝吸收更好。

1、QIEJICHONGDIAONAIFENSHIXIANJIANAIFENHOUJIASHUI。

ZHENGQUEDECHONGDIAOFANGFASHI:

(1)SHOUXIANXIANJIASHUIBINGDIAOZHENGHAOSHUIWEN:40—60℃。GUOREKEYIFANGLIANGKAISHUI,GUOLIANGKEYIDUIRESHUI。CHONGDIAONAIFENBUNENGYONGGUNKAIDESHUI,ZHEIYANGHUIPOHUAINAIFENZHONGDEYINGYANGWUZHI。

(2)JIANGDINGLIANGDEWENKAISHUIDAORUNAIPINGNEI,ZAIANZHAOBAOBAOXUYAODELIANGHENAIPINGSHANGDEKEDUDIAOZHENGSHUILIANG。

(3)RANHOUZAIJIARUSHIDANGBILIDENAIFEN。GUONONGGUOXIDOUBUFUHEBAOBAODEXUYAO,HOUJIANAIFENBIJIAOHAOKONGZHINAIFENDELIANG,CHONGCHUDENAIFENNONGDUZHUNQUE。

ZHEIYANGCHONGDIAOBIJIAORONGYIKONGZHISHUIWENHESHUILIANG。RUGUOXIANJIANAIFEN,SHUIWENBUHESHI,SHUILIANGMEIZHANGWOHAO,DOUKENENGLANGFEISHIJIANHENAIFEN。

2、QIEJIJIANGYICHONGDIAOHAODENAIFENZAICIZHUFEI。

YIJINGCHONGDIAOHAODENAIFENRUOZAIZHUFEI,HUISHIDANBAIZHI、WEISHENGSUDENGYINGYANGWUZHIDEJIEGOUFASHENGBIANHUA,CONGERSHIQUYUANYOUDEYINGYANGJIAZHI。BAOBAOZAIHEZHEIYANGDENAISHUI,SUOHUODEDEYINGYANGHUIDADAZHEKOU。

3、QIEJIZIXINGZENGJIANAIFENDENONGDUJITIANJIAFUZHUPIN。

由于婴幼儿的毛细血管很嫩弱,如果奶粉浓度过高,容易引起孩子脑部毛细血管破裂,导致出血,如果经常给宝宝喝过浓奶粉,出血多了会影响宝宝智力发育,还会增加他的肠道负担,导致消化功能紊乱,引起便秘或腹泻,严重的还会出现坏死性小肠结肠炎。

YOUXIEMAMAYONGGAOTANGJIBAOBAOCHONGDIAONAIFEN,RENWEIZHEIYANGJIYOUNAIFENDEYINGYANGYOUYOUGAOTANGDEYINGYANG,DANBAOBAOZHANGQIHEZHEIYANGDENAIFEN。DUIXUEYE、SHENZANGDOUSHIYOUHAIDE,HAIRONGYIZAOCHENGXIAOHUABULIANG。

4、QIEJIZHIJIEJIBAOBAOGENGHUANNAIFEN。

HENDUOBAOBAOCHINAIFENDEZHONGTUDOUHUIYINWEIMOUZHONGYUANYINMIANLINZHUANNAIDEWENTI,JIBAOBAOGENGHUANNAIFENYIDINGYAOZHUJIANGUODU,GENGHUANNAIFENYIBANXUYAOXU1—2ZHOU。BAOBAOWEICHANGDAOGONGNENGFAYUBUWANSHAN,PINFANHUANNAIFEN,RONGYIYINQIXIAOHUADAOBUSHI。JIBAOBAOZHUANNAIDEFANGFA,KEJIANGLIANGZHONGNAIFENCHANZHE,MEIDUNZHUJIANJIANSHAOJIUNAIFENDEBILI,KEYU3—7TIANNEIZHUANWAN。ZHENGGEGUOCHENGKELISHI1—2ZHOU,RANGBAOBAOYOUGESHIYINGGUOCHENG。

宝宝转奶(包括从母乳喂养转混合喂养,从一个品牌转另一品牌奶粉,同品牌奶粉转不同阶段),都应在宝宝健康情况良好时进行,没有腹泻、发烧、感冒等,接种疫苗期间最好不要转奶。

宝宝腹泻时,短期内可适当将奶粉稀释(根据情况如对半稀释),一般母乳可继续;严重的腹泻,医生会建议暂停母乳和配方奶粉,改为腹泻奶粉;病愈后仍然可以恢复以前的母乳和配方奶粉。

5、QIEJIJIXINSHENGERWEITAIDUONAIFEN。

产后的最初3天,只有少量初乳,如果妈妈暂时没有母乳或者确实量很少不能满足宝宝的需要,只能在吮吸母乳后,再用小奶杯或勺子喂配方奶粉。新生宝宝的消化功能非常弱,不能消化全奶,通常最初的3天喂1/3奶(多加2倍水),接着的4天喂1/2奶(多加一倍水);新生宝宝的胃容量也小,最初一周大约每顿最多能喝到30—60毫升;大约隔2小时左右喂一次,一昼夜喂10—12次(最初的3个月按需喂奶,喝奶的量、间隔时间和次数需视宝宝个体的需求而定)。勤哺乳是促使乳汁增多的好方法,一旦母乳量足够,完全可以改为纯母乳喂养。

6、BIEWANGLEJIBAOBAOWEISHUI。

混合喂养和人工喂养的宝宝,需要在2次喂奶粉中间加喂一次白开水,简单的估算方法是每天的配方奶量与水量的比例约为100:15。

新生儿母乳喂养和奶粉混合喂养

母乳和奶粉混合喂养是在确定母乳不足的情况下,仍然保留母乳喂养,同时附加奶粉的喂养方法。

BUGUANSHICAIYONGMURUNAIFENHUNHEWEIYANG,HAISHIQITAFANGSHIDEHUNHEWEIYANG,MAMAMEICIBURUSHI,DOUYAOYIWEIMURUWEIZHU,BUGUANMAMASHIFOUNAISHUICHONGZU;HUNHEWEIYANGDENAIFENYAOYANGEANZHAONAIFENBAOZHUANGSHANGDESHUOMINGWEIBAOBAODIAOZHI,BUYAOSUIYIZENGJIANLIANGHUOZHENONGDU。HUNHEWEIYANGDEBAOBAO,YINGGAIZAILIANGCANZHIJIANSHIDANGDIBUCHONGSHUI。

MURUHENAIFENHUNHEWEIYANGDEJIZHONGFANGFA:

1、CAIQUXIANWEIMURU,BUGOUZAINAPEIFANGNAIFENBUQI,ZHEIDUIZENGJIAMURUFENMIYOUBANGZHU,NENGZUIDAXIANDUDIBAOZHENGMURUWEI。BUZUZHICHUSHIRONGYIZAOCHENGYINGERDUIRUTOUCUOJUE,KENENGHUICHUXIANYINGYANGBULIANG。

2、YIMURUWEIZHU,ZHISHIOUERJIADIANERPEIFANGNAI。RUGUOBAOBAOSHENGZHANGFAYUDEHENHAO,SHUOMINGNIDERULIANGHAIZUGOUYINGERCHI,JIUBUBITIANJIAPEIFANGNAILE。

3、WEIJICIMURU,ZAIWEIJICIPEIFANGNAI。

4、BAITIANQUANBUWEIPEIFANGNAI,WANSHANGQUANBUWEIMURU。

5、一次母乳、一次配方奶交替喂养。

新生儿混合喂养的注意事项

HUNHEWEIYANGBAOBAODEZHUYISHIXIANG

当妈妈给宝宝采用混合喂养的时候,一般采用母乳和奶粉混合喂养,妈妈需要了解混合喂养的注意事项,这样能帮助宝宝营养吸收更好。

1、MURUBUZUSHI,XUJIANIUNAIHUOQITARUZHIPINJINXINGHUNHEWEIYANG。HUNHEWEIYANGSUIBURUMURUWEIYANGXIAOGUOHAO,DANYAOBIWANQUANRENGONGWEIYANGHAODEDUO。

2、HUNHEWEIYANGSHI,MEICIYINGXIANBUMURU,JIANGRUFANGXIKONGHOU,ZAIJIBAOBAOBUCHONGQITARUPIN,BUSHOUDERUZHILIANGYAOANBAOBAOSHIYUQINGKUANGYUMURUFENMILIANGDUOSHAOERDING,YUANZESHIBAOBAOCHIBAOWEIYI。BUSHOUKAISHIXUGUANCHAJITIAN,YIBIANZHANGWOMEICIBUSHOUDENAILIANGJIBAOBAOYOUWUXIAOHUAYICHANGXIANXIANG。YIWUFUXIE、TUNAIDENGQINGKUANGWEIHAO。

3、在给宝宝喂配方奶时,可以用小火煮沸3-5分钟,一方面可以消毒杀菌,另一方面可使配方奶中的蛋白质变性,易使宝宝消化吸收。

新生儿不吃奶怎么办

对于新生儿不吃奶怎么办这个问题需要引起注意,有些新生儿会忽然不爱吃奶了(牛奶或配方奶),妈妈往往找不到任何原因。此时,小编建议妈妈应该做的是:

1、FANGXIAJIAOLVDEXINQING,ZIXIGUANCHAHAIZI。RUGUOHAIZIZHISHIBUAIHENAIFEN,DANHESHUI、CHIMURUZHENGCHANG(XUDUOHAIZICISHIWEIHUNHEWEIYANGHUORENGYOUSHAOLIANGMURU),ERQIEHAIZIDELIANSHANGJINGCHANGGUAZHEXIAO(ZHEIYIDIANHENZHONGYAO,YOUJIBINGHUOBUSHUFUDEHAIZISHIBUHUIMIANDAIWEIXIAODE) CISHIJIUBUYAOTAIZHEJI。ZHEIYEXUSHIJIHAIZIYIGEZIWODIAOZHENGDEHAOJIHUI。  

2、YANJIUBIAOMING,CIZHONGQINGKUANGKENENGYUHAIZIDEGANSHENGONGNENGFAYUXIANGDUIBUCHENGSHUYOUGUAN。XINSHENGERDUINAIZHONGDANBAIZHIDEXISHOUHUIJIAOGANGCHUSHENGNEIJITIANZENGJIA,DANGANSHENGONGNENGXIANGDUIBUZU。ZHANGQICHAOLIANGGONGZUO,HUISHIGANSHEN“PILAO”,XUYAOSHIDANGDI“XIUXI”YU“DIAOZHENG”。YINER,JIUCHUXIANLEJINSHINIUNAIJIANSHAODEQINGKUANG。  

3、此时如果孩子仍吃部分母乳,可增加喂母乳的次数,还可以给孩子换换口味,如:换换奶粉品牌,把奶粉冲调稀一点或加一点点米粉等。一般不主张强迫孩子进食。

新生儿不吃母乳怎么办

BAOBAOGANGCHUSHENGSHI,HENDUOXINMAMAYOUYUMEIYOUNAI,JIALIRENPABAOBAOE,JIUJIBAOBAOCHILENAIFEN。HOULAIMAMADENAIXIALAILE,DANSHIBAOBAOQUEBUCHIMAMADERUTOU。BAOBAOEDESHIHOUJITACHIRUTOU,KESHIBAOBAOXILIANGKOU,JIUTUCHULAIDAKU。YUDAOZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGMAMAMENBUYAOZHEJI,HAISHIYOUBANFAKEJIEDE。

1、BAOBAOZHICHINAIZUI,BUCHIMURU,NEISHIRUTOUHUNXIAOLE,YINWEIXINAIZUIBIXIMAMADERUTOUYAOSHENGLIDEDUO,ERQIEYONGLIFANGFAYEBUTAIYIYANG,SUOYIBAOBAOHUIBUXIMAMADERUTOU。YUDAOZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,MAMABUYAOFANGQI,TONGSHIQIANWANJIDEMEITIANYAOANSHIJINAI,FOUZEDENGBAOBAOYUANYICHILE,NIQUEMEINAILE。

2、SHOUXIANYONGXINAIQIJIANGMURUXICHULAIZAINAIPINGLIWEIBAOBAOCHI,RANGBAOBAOXIGUANMURUDEWEIDAO。ZHUYIYAONAIBUHENZHANGDESHIZAIJIBAOBAOCHI,WEINAISHIYOUXIANMAMASHENTILIMIANDENAISHUI。

3、YONGCHUGANGENMAMANAITOUCHABUDUODENAIZUIJIBAOBAOWEINAI,KESHIZHEZAIBAOBAOBUZHUYIDESHIHOUYUMAMADENAITOUJIAOHUAN,RANGBAOBAOXIGUANXIMAMADENAITOU。

4、KEYISHIZHEZAIBAOBAOHUNHUNYUSHUIHUOZHESHUIZHELEDESHIHOUWEINAI,XUDUOXINGZHEBUCHINAIDEBAOBAOZAIKUNLEHUOZHESHUIMIANZHONGBUHUIJUJUEMURU。YOUXIEHAIZIBUXIHUANMAMAZUOZHEWEINAI,ERSHIXIHUANMAMABAOZHEZIJIZOULAIZOUQU。WULUNSHIZENYANGDEQINGKUANG,MAMADOUYINGGAITENGCHUJITIANDESHIJIANBAQUANBUJINGLIFANGZAIBAOBAOSHENSHANG。DUOBAOYIBAO、DUOAIFUBAOBAO,DUOYUBAOBAOYOUZHIJIEDEJIFUJIECHU,DOUHUIYOUJIYUSHI。RANGBAOBAOYUANLIJIATINGDECAOZA,DANDUANANJINGJINGDIHEMAMAXIANGCHUYIDUANSHIJIAN,YEYOUZHUYUGULIBAOBAOHUIDAOMAMANAITOUSHANGLAI。

5、有正确的衔乳姿势:将宝宝的脸完全对准乳头、身体完全侧过来,做到宝宝的嘴含住大部分的乳晕、下颏紧贴着乳房、下方的乳晕含的比上方多(因为乳汁是依靠婴儿下颌挤压乳晕而泌出的)下嘴唇完全翻过来贴在下颏。

新生儿不吃奶粉怎么办

XINSHENGERBUCHINAIFENRANGHENDUONAISHAODEMAMATOUTONG,MEIYOUMURUDEMAMAMENHENSHIZHEJI,KESHIXINSHENGERBUCHINAIFENZENMEBAN?

1、XUANZEHESHIDENAIZUI:SUIRANZAIHAODENAIZUIHECHIMAMANAIDEGANJUERENGHUIBUYIYANG,DANKEYIXUANZEJIEJINYIDIANDENAIZUI。HAIYOUYIZHONGSHUOFASHIBANAIZUIDUOZHUZHU,RANGTABIANRUAN,KENENGBAOBAOHUIJIESHOUDIAN。

2、KANBAOBAOSHIBUXIHUANNAIZUIHAISHIBUXIHUANNAIFENDEWEIDAO:SHIZHEJICHUMURUZAINAIPINGLIJIBAOBAOCHI,RUGUOTAJIESHOULE,KENENGTABUXIHUANNAIFENDEWEIDAO,KEYIHUANYIGEJIEJINMURUWEIDAODEPAIZISHISHI。LINGWAIKEYIBANAIFENDIAODANYIDIANHUOLENGYIDIANHUOREYIDIANSHISHI。

3、JIMURUDUODIANXINXIN:RUGUOTAIXIAOHAIMEICHIFUSHI,JIUYAODUOCHIMURU。HENDUOMAMADOUJUEDEZIJIMURUHENSHAO,SHIJISHANGMURUKENENGBINIXIANGXIANGDEDUO。ZAIBAOBAOBUYUANCHINAIFENDESHIHOU,GENGYAOFAHUIMURUDEZUOYONG。

4、NAIZUIKOUNONGDEDADIAN:HENDUOXIAOHAIZUIBUXIHUANCHINAIFENSHIKANDAONAIPINGHUOCHIDAONAIFENJIUDAKU,NIUGUOTOUQU。XINQINGHAOSHI,HUIBANAITOUHANZAIZUILI,DANSHIBUXI。BANAIZUIKOUKAIDA,JIEGUOLOUDAOZUILIYEHUICHI。SUIRANBIJIAOMAN,DANBIQIBUCHIZONGSHIHAODE,YICINENGCHI90mlZUOYOU。

5、SHAOSHIDUOCAN:YIDUNCHIHENSHAODEHUA,JIUDUOCHIJIDUN。MAMAKEYIZAIPINGSHIDUOPEIYANGBAOBAOCHINAIFENDEXINGQU,YOUJIHUIJIUWEIBAOBAOCHI,BAOBAOBUCHIJIUSUANLE。ZAIBAOBAOCHIMIFENQIANYEKEYIXIANWEIWEINAIFEN,BUCHIZAICHIMIFEN,RANGBAOBAOMANMANXIAOCHUDUIYUNAIFENDEPAICHIGAN。

6、其他方法:睡觉时迷迷糊糊地吃,或吃着母乳突然换成奶瓶,被认出来再赶快换回来,这个方法多数宝宝可以。用米汤冲奶粉比较香,宝宝可能爱吃。洗完澡宝宝口干是给他吃奶粉。补钙补锌,宝宝缺少微量元素时也会产生厌食的情况。分散宝宝的注意力。

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